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Thursday, September 28, 2006

Isaiah 55

Isaiah 55



[1] Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.


Isaiah speaks here of basic needs.

{John Calvin says}

But I have no doubt that under these words, "waters, milk, wine, bread," Isaiah includes all that is necessary for spiritual life; for the metaphors are borrowed from those kinds of food which are in daily use amongst us. As we are nourished by "bread, wine, milk, and water," so in like manner let us know that our souls are fed and supported by the doctrine of the Gospel, the Holy Spirit, and other gifts of Christ.

ie. We need the ministry of Christ.

Do we feel our need?


The call is:

1. General “every one”

2. Personal “he that hath no money”

1. It is a General call.

Because all are in need.

Matthew 28:19
Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

2. It is a personal call.

Because our need is known, God knows our need.

Psalm 103:13-14
Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him. [14] For he knoweth our frame; he remembereth that we are dust.


[first half of verse 2]

[2] Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.

{John Calvin}

He complains of the ingratitude and madness of men, in rejecting or disdaining the kindness of God who offers all things freely, and yet harassing themselves greatly about various trifles which cannot yield them any advantage.

Who is referred to in this passage?

What type of person?

{John Calvin}

The Prophet does not complain of the slothfulness of those who, altogether forgetful of themselves and of God, take no concern about the spiritual life of the soul; (there are many such persons;) but of those who desire life, and yet do not understand the method or way of obtaining it, and wander in uncertainty through deserts and untrodden paths. Here, therefore, are condemned all the methods which men contrive, in opposition to the Word of God, for obtaining salvation, and they are pronounced to be useless expenses; for by the word "money" he denotes all the industry, study, or labor which belongs to man.


Verse 2b

hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.

Note the 3 d’s

Diligence, Delicacies, Delight


[3] Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.


1. To whom the invite is given.


2. What it involves.

Hearing God’s word,

Trusting God’s promise.

3. The result of answering the invitation

hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

What is meant by the:

the sure mercies of David.

He is here speaking of the true David, Christ. (see V.4)


The use of the word SURE.

People often say that we can never be sure about God’s mercy.

[see 1 John 5:10-13]

[4] Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

What does “Witness” mean

{John Calvin}

By calling him "a witness," he means that the covenant into which he entered shall be ratified and confirmed in Christ. There is a weighty meaning in the word "witness;" for he clearly shows that this covenant shall be proved in Christ, by whom the truth of God shall be made manifest. He will! testify that God is not false.


The 3 terms.

Witness, Leader, Commander.

1. Witness. The one to whom we must Listen

2. Leader. The one whom we must Follow

3. Commander. The one whom we must Obey.


Prophet, Priest and King.

We hear him because he is our Prophet

We follow him because he is our Priest

We obey him because he is our King


[5] Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not, and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee because of the Lord thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.

1 Peter 2:9-10
But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: [10] Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.


[6] Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:

2 Cor. 6:2
(For he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation.)

Hebrews 2:3
How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;


[7] Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.


It is not just our way but out thoughts which must be forsaken.

Abundantly = Extavagantly

[8] For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the Lord.

Ie. God does not hold a grudge like we do.

Where there is real repentance there is real forgiveness.

[9] For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.

{John Calvin}

There is nothing that troubles our consciences more than when we think that God is like ourselves; for the consequence is, that we do not venture to approach to him, and flee from him as an enemy, and are never at rest. But they who measure God by themselves as a standard form a false idea and altogether contrary to his nature; and indeed they cannot do him a greater injury than this.


[10] For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:
[11] So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.


[12] For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.


[13] Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the Lord for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off.

Sunday, September 24, 2006

The Golden Chain of Salvation

“The Golden Chain of Salvation”

Mark Fitzpatrick
Spring 2006

“And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.” Rom. 8:28-30

We see in these verses the five links that make up what we are calling The Golden Chain of Salvation.

We will look at them one at a time.

1. Foreknowledge
2. Predestination
3. Calling
4. Justification
5. Glorification

1. Foreknowledge

Rom 11:2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew.


From which we get the medical word Prognosis.

2 Times the Word Foreknowledge appears in Scripture.

Act 2:23

Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:

GK = Prognosis.

God’s Prognosis for our greatest need was to give Christ as a Sacrifice for our sin.

The real force of this word is understood by realizing that in one sense Christ’s death happened before the beginning of time.

Rev 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

1Pe 1:2

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

We see here the Trinitarian nature of Salvation.

2. Predestination.

Gk = PRO OR ID ZO = means “To limit in advance”

The only other place where this word occurs is in Ephesians.

Eph 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

Eph 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:


The emphasis on the will of God in these verses.

3. Calling.


The links in the chain.

All who are:

Foreknown are Predestined are Called are Justified are Glorified.

This is an unbreakable chain.


The use of the word “Called” in verse 28.

Rev 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.

Gk = Called = KALEHO

See Romans 1: 1,6,7 9: 7,24,26

4. Justification.

Rom 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

Rom 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

Rom 3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.

Rom 4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.

Rom 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:

Rom 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.

Gal 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

Gal 2:17 But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.

Gal 3:11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

Gal 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

Gal 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

How do we deal with the verses in James.

Read James 2: 21-25


Justification and Salvation are not The exact same thing.

Gk = Dikahyoo = Means = “To show or regard as innocent”

This is totally different from the word Salvation

Sotayreeah = To Rescue or deliver.

Rom 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

5. Glorification.

Gk. Doxadso

From which we get the English word Doxology.

It means to render something or someone Glorious.

Rom 8:17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.


4 Questions asked

Question 1.

Rom 8:31 What shall we then say to these things?


If God be for us, who can be against us?

Rom 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all,

how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

Question 2.

Rom 8:33 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect?


It is God that justifieth.

Question 3.

Rom 8:34 Who is he that condemneth?


It is Christ that died,

yea rather, that is risen again,

who is even at the right hand of God,

who also maketh intercession for us.

Question 4.

Rom 8:35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ?

shall tribulation,

or distress,

or persecution,

or famine,

or nakedness,

or peril,

or sword?

Rom 8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.


Rom 8:37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.


Seven things are mentioned in verse 35 {the number for perfection}


Ten things are mentioned in verses 38,39 which some might try to separate us from the Love of Christ.

The number 10 in the bible is the number for completeness.

Ie. 10 commandments

Rom 8:38

For I am persuaded,

that neither death,

nor life,

nor angels,

nor principalities,

nor powers,

nor things present,

nor things to come,

Rom 8:39

Nor height,

nor depth,

nor any other creature,

shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

“shall be able to separate us”

The issue is here of ability.

These things cannot separate us from the love of Christ/love of God.

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